The Rewaking

Song Collection

The Rewaking is a song cycle for soprano and string quartet with music by John Harbison and poetry by William Carlos Williams.

Date: 1991Composer: John HarbisonText: William Carlos Williams

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Composer's Note

The Rewaking, commissioned by the Pittsburgh Chamber Music Society fro Benita Valente and the Julliard Quartet, is a setting of four poems by William Carlos Williams, all from his last years (1956-61). The texts are use by kind permission of New Directors.


My choice of text for vocal piece usually happens as follows: 1) the poems are inadvertently memorized, and won’t go away, 2) they begin to run parallel to a musical shape I have already had in mind, 3) they clarify and enlarge upon what began as a purely musical impulse.


This piece is neither a quartet with a vocal apotheosis, like Schoenberg’s 2nd, nor a song cycle with string accompaniment. It is, instead, a quintet in which the theme of “rewaking” from a winter of spirit is carried forward equally by all five performers.


In my Williams setting, “Words from Paterson,” I used a long text and moved through much of it syllabically, dramatically, to preserve Williams’ accents and narrative pacing. In The Rewaking the words are few, and are expanded by the melismas (in which there are many notes for one word), and by interludes and pauses.


Its fifteen minute span begins with a string prelude, introducing many of the later vocal melodies. Two birds, the florid wood thrush and the obsessive woodpecker (“transcribed” at my Wisconsin far) give rise to the “tragic winter thoughts.” Then amid the buffeting of a storm, “the lady speaks” of endurance and persistence. The final answer if not to “come to the end of striving” but to extend time “indefinitely,” which the final resolution seeks to do.


–John Harbison


1. The Woodthrush
2. To a Woodpecker
3. The Lady Speaks
4. The Reawakening

Sheet Music

The Rewaking

Composer(s): John Harbison

Voice Type: Soprano

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