Born in Hartford, Connecticut to abolitionist parents, Work taught himself songwriting after he apprenticed for a printer. In 1855, he moved to Chicago to work for the publishers Root & Cady.
Work wrote his most popular and well-loved songs during the Civil War, including “Kingdom Coming” and “Uncle Joe’s ‘Hail Columbia!’” (both from 1862), as well as “Marching Through Georgia” (1865), a Union song celebrating the victory of Sherman’s March. Work’s song output also includes love songs and moralistic, tragic, and humorous pieces of music. After the Civil War ended, Work’s popularity died down, though it revived again in 1875 with his song “Grandfather’s Clock,” which reached an unprecedented sales of almost one million copies.
–Christie Finn Source: New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians
The Civil War
(Henry Burleigh, Daniel Decatur Emmett, Stephen Foster, John Hill Hewitt, Abraham Lincoln, George Frederick Root, Henry Russell, Joseph Philbrick Webster and Henry Clay Work)
Abraham Lincoln Sings On!
(Stephen Foster, George Frederick Root and Henry Clay Work)