As a reaction to the Imagist movement of her time, Bogan wrote highly formalized poetry, conforming with the traditional English form of verse and meter made popular in the seventeenth century. Bogan was appointed Poet Laureate in 1945.
Photo: Louise Bogan, 1956, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, Digital ID: cph 3c17841
Born in Maine to a working-class family, Bogan spent much of her childhood moving with her family throughout New England as her father switched between factory jobs. After dropping out of college, becoming a widow, and then leaving her second husband to pursue her career, Bogan settled in New York City in the early 1920s. Her first volume of poetry, Body of This Death (1923), already reveals a theme of betrayal and her "deep mistrust for all ideological commitment," especially concerning her relationship to female poets of the past.
Throughout her career as a writer, Bogan published a few more volumes of poetry, including Dark Summer (1929), The Sleeping Fury (1937), and various editions of collected poems. Bogan infused traditional lyrical forms with high emotion in a contemporary manner. She was good friends with Theodore Roethke, but rejected many of her contemporaries (especially confessional poets, such as Robert Lowell). Bogan also wrote as a reviewer for The New Yorker for 38 years.