Song in America

Politics & Culture

Politics Culture
Industrial Revolution (1876 - 1889)
1876
  • Walt Whitman publishes sixth edition of Leaves of Grass
  • Dudley Buck: “Moonbeams”
  • John Knowles Paine: "Centennial Hymn," Op. 27
  • John Alden Carpenter born
  • Carl Ruggles born
1876
  • Alexander Graham Bell invents the telephone
  • U.S. Centennial celebrations
  • Custer's Last Stand
  • Tilden-Hayes Election Compromise placates the South
  • Rutherford B. Hayes inaugurated
  • Victoria named Empress of India
  • Wagner's Bayreuth Festival opens
  • Brahms: Symphony No. 1
    Peter Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake
  • George Frederick Root establishes Music Teachers’ National Association
  • Anne Gilchrist visits Whitman in Philadelphia
  • Mark Twain: The Adventures of Tom Sawyer
  • Frederick Law Olmstead completes work on New York's Central Park
  • Jack London born
  • Lula Mysz-Gmeiner (German contralto, famous for Lieder interpretations) born
  • Bruno Walter born
1877
  • Samuel Warren: “I Love My Love,” to a text by Scottish poet Charles Mackay
  • George E. Whiting: "Dream Pictures"
  • George Chadwick goes to Germany to study
  • Louis Campbell-Tipton born
1877
  • Rutherford B. Hayes inaugurated
  • Brahms: Symphony No. 2
  • Liszt: Années de Pèlerinage III
  • Frédéric L. Ritter publishes Music in America, a study of the various influences on American musical idiom
  • Arthur de Lulli: "The Celebrated Chop Waltz (Chopsticks)"
  • Henry James: The American
  • Leo Tolstoy: Anna Karenina
  • Edison patents the phonograph
  • Karl Erb (German tenor, deified in Thomas Mann's Dr. Faustus) born
1878 1878
  • Austro-Hungarian Empire occupies the duchies of Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Stalin born
  • Robert Franz: Op. 48 songs
  • Brahms: Violin Concerto
  • Liszt: Via Crucis
  • Gilbert and Sullivan: H.M.S. Pinafore
  • Peter Tchaikovsky: Eugene Onegin & Violin Concerto
  • Henry James: The Europeans
  • Austrian composer Franz Schreker born
1879 1879
  • Leon Trotsky born
  • Robert Franz: Op. 50 & 51 songs
  • Mary Baker Eddy founds the Church of Christ, Scientist
  • Fyodor Dostoyevsky: The Brothers Karamazov
  • Henrik Ibsen: A Doll's House
  • Henry James: Daisy Miller
  • Zola: Nana
  • Edison introduces the incandescent lightbulb
  • Albert Einstein born
1880 1880
  • U.S. population tops 50 million, including 6 million foreign-born
  • Private performance of Wagner's Parsifal Prelude for Ludwig II
  • Pierre-Auguste Rodin sculpts The Thinker
  • Guillaume Apollinaire born
  • Julia Culp (Dutch mezzo soprano) born (first to record Schumann's Frauenliebe und Leben)
  • George Eliot dies
  • Josephine Lang dies
  • Jacques Offenbach dies before completing The Tales of Hoffmann
1881 1881
  • James Garfield inaugurated; he is assassinated and succeeded by Chester A. Arthur
  • Czar Alexander III succeeds his father Alexander II, after his assassination
  • Dwight’s Journal of Music ceases publication
  • Clara Barton founds the American Red Cross
  • Booker T. Washington founds the Tuskegee Institute
  • Henry James: The Portrait of a Lady
  • Jacques Offenbach: The Tales of Hoffmann (finished by Guiraud)
  • Giuseppe Verdi: Simon Boccanegra
  • The Concerts Lamoureux begin in Paris
  • Béla Bartók born
  • Pablo Picasso born
  • Thomas Carlyle dies
  • Fyodor Dostoyevsky dies
  • Modest Mussorgsky dies
1882 1882
  • Rockefeller's Standard Oil Trust becomes the first industrial monopoly in America
  • America's first Labor Day parade, in New York City
  • Robert Koch announces discovery of tuberculosis germ
  • Edison begins to light up New York City
  • Two years after her death, Josephine Lang's collection of forty Lieder issued by Breitkopf & Härtel
  • Wagner: Parsifal
  • Berlin Philharmonic founded
  • Liszt visits Wagner in Venice, composes La Lugubre Gondole
  • Henrik Ibsen: An Enemy of the People
  • Edward Hopper born
  • James Joyce born
  • Igor Stravinsky born
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson dies in Concord
1883 1883
  • Brooklyn Bridge opens
  • The volcano Krakatoa erupts in the South Pacific, killing about 40,000 people and causing weather problems worldwide
  • Marx dies
  • Mahler begins composing Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen (Songs of the Wayfarer)
  • Metropolitan Opera opens
  • Buffalo Bill Cody's Wild West Show
  • Brahams: Symphony No. 3
  • Eubie Blake born
  • Elena Gerhardt born--notable German soprano and mezzo soprano; made several pioneering records of Lieder; known especially for her later performances of Winterreise and Wolf songs; was a teacher of Peter Pears
  • Franz Kafka born
  • Alexei Tolstoy born
  • Anton Webern born
  • Richard Wagner dies in Venice; Liszt composes Am Grabe Richard Wagners and conducts memorial concert in Bayreuth
1884
  • “Going to the Polls,” with words by Julia B. Nelson, to the tune of “Comin’ thro’ the Rye,” asks for the justification behind denying women suffrage
  • W.W. Gilchrist sets “Song of Love” and “Song of Doubt” by J.G. Holland
  • Monroe Rosenfeld: "Climbing Up the Golden Stairs"
  • Charles Tomlinson Griffes born
  • Sara Teasdale born
  • Henry Clay Work dies
1884
  • German Reichstag begun in Berlin to a design by Paul Wallot (completed 1894)
  • Robert Franz: Sechs Gesänge, Op. 52 (his last set of songs)
  • At the age of 15, Will Marion Cook goes to Berlin for five years to study with violinist Joseph Joachim, an associate of Brahms and the Schumanns
  • Claude Debussy: L'Enfant Prodigue
  • Massenet finishes Manon
  • Mark Twain: Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
  • Henry Adams: Esther
  • Ten-story Home Life Insurance Building in Chicago is world's first skyscraper
  • Soprano Alma Gluck born
1885 1885
  • Grover Cleveland inaugurated
  • Washington Monument dedicated
  • World's first skyscraper in Chicago
  • Streetcar service begins in Baltimore
  • The Great Lakes are connected by the opening of the locks
  • Mahler finishes composing Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen (Songs of the Wayfarer)
  • Brahms: Symphony No. 4
  • Gilbert and Sullivan: The Mikado
  • Tennyson completes Idylls of the King
  • Cezanne paints Mont Sainte-Victoire
  • Winslow Homer paints Fog Warning
  • Alban Berg born
  • Edgard Varèse born
  • Victor Hugo dies
1886 1886
  • Statue of Liberty dedicated
  • Haymarket Affair in Chicago
  • Geronimo surrenders; end of Apache Wars
  • Arthur Rimbaud: Les Illuminations
  • Robert Louis Stevenson: Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
  • Wilhelm Furtwängler born
  • Oskar Kokoschka born
  • Arthur Rubinstein born
  • Franz Liszt dies
1887 1887
  • Queen Victoria celebrates 50th Jubilee
  • Erik Satie: Elégie, Chanson, & 3 mélodies (Text: Contamine de Latour)
  • St. Gaudens sculpts Standing Lincoln
  • Henry James: What Maisie Knew
  • First Sherlock Holmes story, A Study in Scarlet
  • Marc Chagall born
  • Georgia O'Keefe born
  • Edith Sitwell born
  • Heitor Villa-Lobos born
1888 1888
  • Deaths of Kaiser William I and Frederick III, accession to the throne of William II
  • Great Blizzard hits Atlantic Seaboard
  • Grover Cleveland wins popular vote but Benjamin Harrison wins electoral vote
  • Hugo Wolf SONG YEAR; composes Mörike, Eichendorff, Goethe collections (published 1889-90)
  • Mahler begins composition of Des Knaben Wunderhorn songs 
  • Richard Strauss: Don Juan
  • The Gramophone makes recordings on a flat disc
  • The Kodak camera first appears on the market
  • Publication of National Geographic begins
  • German singers Elisabeth Schumann, Lotte Lehmann, and Heinrich Schlusnus born
  • T. S. Eliot born
  • Katherine Mansfield born
  • Matthew Arnold dies
  • Edward Lear dies
1889
  • Amy Marcy Beach: Three Songs, Op. 11 ("Dark is the night," "The Western Wind," and "The Blackbird" with texts by English poet W. E. Henley)
  • Margaret Ruthven Lang sets the text of George Eliot in her song "Ojalá", which is performed at the Exposition Universelle in Paris in a concert of American music
  • Ethelbert Nevin publishes Five Songs, Op. 5, which includes texts in German, French, and English
  • Walt Whitman publishes eighth edition of Leaves of Grass
  • Eugene Field: Little Book of Western Verse
  • Conrad Aiken born
  • Robert Browning dies
  • Belle Starr is shot to death
1889
  • Benjamin Harrison inaugurated
  • Flood kills thousands in Johnstown, PA, where composer Charles Wakefield Cadman is a boy
  • The Second International Congress of Socialism formed
  • Pfitzner: Sieben Lieder, Op. 2
  • Hugo Wolf composes Spanisches Liederbuch (into 1890, published 1891)
  • Eiffel Tower is build for the Paris Exposition
  • Peter Tchaikovsky: Sleeping Beauty
  • Mark Twain: A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court
  • Vincent Van Gogh: The Starry Night
  • Maurice Maeterlinck: La Princesse Madeleine
  • Friedrich Nietzsche: Götzendämmerung
  • William Butler Yeats: The Wanderings of Oisin
  • Martin Heidegger born
  • Michael Raucheisen (Lied pianist) born
  • Gerard Manley Hopkins dies